PART OF SPEECH

FUNCTION OF NOUNS

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1NOUN AS SUBJECT

Carpenters drive nails with air powered guns.

Blackhawk was a famous American Indian.

If it were Friday, John would be here.

Carpenters is the subject of the first sentence. Blackhawk is the subject of the second sentence. Blackhawk is the name of a person. A noun that represents the name of a person or a specific place is a proper noun. Some other nouns are also proper nouns, e.g., September, Easter, Holocaust. A proper noun is capitalized regardless of its position in the sentence. John is the subject of the third sentence.

2NOUN AS  DIRECT OBJECT

Mr. Liu washed the car.
The authorities commended Roberta.
Identify a direct object by asking what or whom.
First sentence. Mr. Liu washed what? Answer: car. Car is the direct object of the verb washed.
Second sentence. The authorities commended whom? Answer: Roberta. Roberta is the direct object of the verb commended.
 
3NOUN AS INDIRECT OBJECT
I sent Stephanie the camera.
He bought the dog a kennel.
Identify an indirect object by asking to what, for what, or to whom, for whom.

 

44NOUN AS OBJECT OF A PERPOSITION

He pulled the little red wagon to the store.

From her perspective, the meeting was a success. First sentence. The preposition is to, and the object of that preposition is the noun store. Second sentence: The preposition is from, and the object of that preposition is the noun perspective.

5PERDICATE NOUN

An intransitive verb cannot accept an object. A noun that follows an intransitive verb and completes the meaning of a sentence is called a complement. The word complement means to complete. A sentence has a subject and a predicate. Predicate is a generic term that includes those parts of the sentence that explain the subject of the sentence. The noun that follows an intransitive verb and completes the predicate may also be called a predicate noun or predicate nominative.

Note that a predicate noun is an alternate word for the subject of the sentence.

Mr. Chiao is a violinist.Chiao is the subject, and violinist is the predicate noun. The subject of the second sentence is I, and the predicate noun is candidate. Mr. Martinez is the subject of the third sentence, and the predicate noun is governor.

I am a candidate.

Mr. Martinez will be governor.

In the first sentence above Mr.

appositive noun Appositive means near. In English grammar an appositive is a noun or pronoun placed near another noun or pronoun. The appositive enhances our understanding of the original noun or pronoun.

My sister, Ann, is in town for the reunion.

Miguel, the valedictorian, will deliver the commencement oration.

“We, the people. . . .”

 

6NOUN AS POSSESSIVE MODIFIER

A noun can be used to modify another noun. That is, a noun can function as an adjective or adverb. A noun can also convey a sense of possession. Consider the following example.

The town’s water supply is in jeopardy.

The word town is a noun. In the sentence above the word town’s identifies which water supply is in jeopardy. Town’s is possessive case. The town possesses the water supply.

NOUN FUNCTIONING AS AN ADJECTIVE 

The water pump is broken.
The word water is a noun, but in this application it functions as an adjective that describes the kind of pump.

NOUN FUNCTIONING AS AN ADVERB

I walked home.
The word home is a noun, but in this application it functions as an adverb that defines where I walked.

 

NOUN DESCRIPTION 

class proper noun, or common noun

number singular, or plural

gender feminine, or masculine, or neuter

case nominative, or objective, or possessive

syntax grammatical relationship of the noun to other words in the sentence. 

NOUN AS POSSESSIVE MODIFIER

A noun can be used to modify another noun. That is, a noun can function as an adjective or adverb. A noun can also convey a sense of possession. Consider the following example.

The town’s water supply is in jeopardy.

The word town is a noun. In the sentence above the word town’s identifies which water supply is in jeopardy. Town’s is possessive case. The town possesses the water supply.

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